Three energy centres, or dantians, are located in the body. They control and store energy and energy potential. The three dantians are each associated with one type of energy, and are collectively known as the three treasures.
The Lower Dantian: (Jing energy) is located two or three fingers widths below the navel and about 2 finger widths behind the navel. It is also known as The Golden Stove. It begins the process of purifying essence (Jing) into vitality (Qi) It is the source of energy which builds the physical body and allows us to develop and use Qi and Shen.
The Middle Dantian: (Qi energy) is located at the heart, in the middle of the chest and is also known as The Crimson Palace. It is where vitality (Qi) is refined into spirit (Shen), It is energy created from food and air and relates to our emotions and thoughts.
The Upper Dantian: (Shen energy) is located at a centre point just higher than the eye brows (known as the Third Eye). This is where the spirit (Shen) is said to be refined into emptiness (Wu Wei). It is related to our spirit and or consciousness.
‘Dantian’ is also known as: dan t'ian, dan tien or tan t'ien